Forever pendatang, forever dhimmi, forever grateful

Forever pendatang, forever dhimmi, forever grateful




None of us can change the past; we can only try to make the most of our diversity and endeavour to forge a better future. And that journey can only truly begin when we confront the Ketuanan Melayu ideology and expose it for what it is – a sinister and contemptible racist creed that has no place in a multicultural constitutional democracy like ours.”-–Dennis Ignatius

Over the past few weeks, as the competition between Pakatan Harapan and the UMNO-PAS alliance for the Malay vote has heated up, we’ve been given stark reminders of how the UMNO-PAS leadership views non-Malays and what we can expect should the Ketuanan Melayu ideology they espouse dominate Malaysian politics.

Their view of non-Malays, put simply, is forever pendatang, forever dhimmi and forever grateful.

Pendatang forever

The concept of the non-Malay as pendatang (or “penumpang”, a similar term that acting UMNO president Mohamad Hasan recently used to describe non-Malays), is of course, intrinsic to the Ketuanan Melayu ideology and is central to the thinking of UMNO and PAS leaders.

Whether pendatang or penumpang, the idea is the same: non-Malays are interlopers, without commitment or loyalty to the nation and, therefore, undeserving of equal treatment or constitutional protection. It is intended to strip them of their very identity as Malaysians and suggests that they have no inherent right to be here.

In their view, non-Malays, no matter how long they have lived here, are pendatangs and penumpangs and will always remain so. Others – Muslims from Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Middle East – can migrate to Malaysia and quickly become proud Malays but Malaysian-born non-Malays are doomed to remain pendatangs and penumpangs in perpetuity unless they convert.

Dhimmi forever

This racial division is further reinforced by a religious worldview that segregates Malaysians according to their faith into Muslim and dhimmi. In historical Islam, the ‘dhimmi’ were conquered people who had submitted to Islamic rule. They had few rights, had to pay a special tax and be forever subservient to Muslim authority in exchange for protection. Some Islamic scholars have also argued that dhimmis are automatically excluded from all participation in the political process.

No surprise then that men like Hadi Awang are constantly complaining that there are too many non-Muslims in parliament or that key positions like the chief justice and attorney-general are held by non-Muslims. In their twisted theocratic version of Malaysia, non-Malays, as dhimmis, have no business being in parliament or holding important positions.

The religious establishment is, of course, largely supportive of this religious division; in recent discussions on the issue, the muftis of Pahang and Perak, for example, insisted that there was nothing wrong in viewing non-Muslims as dhimmis.

Forever grateful

And for this privilege – the privilege of being pendatang and dhimmi forever, non-Malays are expected to remain forever grateful. As Hadi Awang likes to constantly remind us all, “Other races should appreciate [that] Muslims… accepted them as citizens and allowed them to practise their religion and use their language.”

Citizenship is no longer viewed by Ketuanan Melayu ideologues as part of the Merdeka agreement between all Malaysia’s ethnic communities but as an act of unilateral generosity for which eternal gratitude must be given. For Hadi, such gratitude must be manifested by perpetual submission, docility, and servility especially involving anything PAS says or does. To do otherwise is to be ungrateful and unmindful of Malay sensitivities.

An existential threat

Of course, UMNO and PAS leaders insist that all this does not amount to discrimination against non-Malays. Mohamad Hasan, for example, insisted that he was not trying to sideline non-Malays, that he wanted every community to “feel comfortable” while PAS vice-president Iskandar Abdul Samad reiterated that PAS-UMNO cooperation would not give rise to an extremist government.

It is a sign of how delusional, irrational, even duplicitous UMNO and PAS have become to expect non-Malays to be comfortable with such a racist system or that non-Malays will see such policies as anything but extremist.

As well, dividing the nation into Muslims and dhimmis might be acceptable in a theocratic Islamic state like Saudi Arabia but it can never be acceptable in a secular democratic state like Malaysia. Far from bestowing a divine right to rule on anyone, the Federal Constitution bestows upon all citizens – Muslim and non-Muslim – certain inalienable rights, rights that may not be unilaterally abrogated by muftis or anyone else.

It goes without saying that the Ketuanan Melayu vision of Malaysia is at variance with the Federal Constitution. It threatens to strip non-Malays of their constitutional rights, privileges and protections. Clearly, it is not the Malays and the position of Islam that are under threat; it is the non-Malays who now face an existential threat from the Ketuanan Melayu ideologues and their followers.

Given this situation, it is hard to fathom how the MCA and MIC can continue to remain unperturbed by UMNO-PAS cooperation or how they can continue to work with the very groups that are out to disenfranchise the minority communities they claim to represent. Are they so devoid of principle that they would minimize the very real dangers that the Ketuanan Melayu ideology of UMNO and PAS now poses to non-Malays just for the sake of a few crumbs from UMNO’s table?

Confronting Ketuanan Melayu

The Federal Constitution indisputably acknowledges Islam as the official religion of the Federation and confers special rights on the Malays but that can never be used to justify an ethno-religious apartheid state or legitimize a system of discrimination against any citizen. Like it or not, Malaysia is by constitutional mandate a secular democracy that makes no distinction between Muslim and dhimmi or Malay and pendatang. And, like it or not, we are all Malaysia’s sons and daughters.

None of us can change the past; we can only try to make the most of our diversity and endeavour to forge a better future. And that journey can only truly begin when we confront the Ketuanan Melayu ideology and expose it for what it is – a sinister and contemptible racist creed that has no place in a multicultural constitutional democracy like ours.

[Dennis Ignatius | Kuala Lumpur | 13th March 2019]





5 thoughts on “Forever pendatang, forever dhimmi, forever grateful

  1. //when we confront the Ketuanan Melayu ideology and expose it for what it is – a sinister and contemptible racist creed that has no place in a multicultural constitutional democracy like ours.

    Just a very minor different take. Owning up to a feeling of “Forever pendatang, forever grateful” as a pendatang takes courage and a healthy appreciation of life and humanity. I hope more of my kind would see that, but also resist the idea of being contempt for being second caste. Appreciating Ketuanan Melayu as a pendatang is part of the prior also. I wouldn’t classify Ketuanan Melayu as a sinister creed. But, it is definitely one that doesn’t benefit the Melayu, except for a few political elites who shouted loudest in this ideology. Forever dhimmi may be Islamic, in some respect. But, I don’t believe it is helpful for the Muslim faith. Muslim tradition although always never deny dhimmi being part of their tradition, the tradition never claimed that is part of the pillar faith. Many great Islamic civilization is built on a foundation of healthy appreciation of the nons.

    In any case, I mourn for the Malay as a people, as I see that there is no longer a way to dig themselves out from a hole they have made and jumped into. Welayu.

  2. According to usually reliable sources I am given to understand that the person who wrote this article is a Former Ambassador of Malaysia.

    • /// Dennis Ignatius is a former ambassador with more than 30 years of experience as a Malaysian diplomat. ///

      That is the blurb he usually gave himself or Ambassador (Retired). I am surprised that for this article, he did not put this label on.

      Google usually give you reliable sources.

  3. My feeling is Tok Mat, if he had taken over UMNO before Najib and Zahid Hamidi drove it out of office, would have kept UMNO-BN in office. Tok Mat is a true believer in a idealistic Ketuanan – that it can both be benign and yet champion Malay affirmative action. But now, his idealism of what, even at its best, was always a two-face ideology is wrong calculation.

    Like it or not UMNO Baru-PAS cannot be anything but Malay-Muslim hegemony. PAS believes in it no matter what they say otherwise. They simply do not understand the high truth of John Locke, simply refuse to. DAP champion secularity and meritocracy NOT absolute separation of religion and state but aslo against marginalisation fo any group much less the majority population, even bend over backwards on these two key issues BUT the great lie that underlies UMNO-PAS cooperation is just that – a lie – a means to their end. The lie is already ridiculous with MIC who says working with PAS going backward is the same as DAP working with and breaking with PAS to move forward.

    If its not enough the underlying major fact is false for UMNO-PAS, what makes Tok Mat proposition wrong is that corruption and hate and fear is actually similar in creature. If Tok Mat had no influence on Najib-Zahid Hamidi runaway train of downfalling UMNO for corruption, similarly he has no chance to ever keep PAS in control. Hate and fear comes is many forms and a constant battle – just like corruption. Its difficult to measure it but when it ultimately shows itself you know it – just like corruption. Tok Mat has no control over UMNO’s corruption before, he has no chance with PAS and their selling of hate and fear.

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