FOCUS On POVERTY alleviation, not income creation for billionaires–Mahathir’s outdated policy prescriptions

January 16, 2019

FOCUS On POVERTY alleviation, not billionaires —Mahathir’s outdated policy prescriptions

by P. Gunasegaram

Image result for the malaysian maverick by barry wain

QUESTION TIME | When Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad sank low to say that wealth should be distributed equally among races, he indicated plainly that he has no solid plan to increase incomes and alleviate poverty for all Malays and Malaysians. His priorities are elsewhere.

Note that he talks about the distribution of wealth, not increasing incomes, which is more important because this is what will eventually result in a proper redistribution of wealth by valuing fairly everyone’s contribution  to wealth creation.

During his time as Prime Minister previously for a very long 22 years from 1981 to 2003 out of 46 years of independence at that time – nearly half the period of independence – he had plenty of opportunities, but squandered them.

He did not care for the common Malay, but was instead more focused on creating Malay billionaires overnight through the awarding of lucrative operations handled by the government or government companies previously, such as roads, power producers, telecommunications and others.

He depressed labour wages by bringing in millions of workers from Indonesia, and subsequently Bangladesh and the Philippines, to alter the religious balance in Sabah. A significant number of them became Malaysian citizens over the years, altering the overall racial and religious balance in the country.

By doing that he let his own race down, many of whom were workers and small entrepreneurs whose incomes were constrained by imported labour. Even now, Mahathir has not shown a great willingness to increase minimum wages, which will help many poor Malays and bumiputeras increase their incomes.

As Mahathir himself well knows, distribution is not an easy thing. Stakes held by others cannot be simply distributed, but they have to be sold, even if it is at depressed prices as it was under the New Economic Policy or NEP, when companies wanted to get listed.

Instant millionaires

There are not enough Malays rich enough to buy these stakes, but many of them in the Mahathir era and earlier, especially the connected elite, became rich by purchasing the 30 percent stakes for bumiputeras that had to be divested upon listing by taking bank loans.

By simply flipping the stakes on the market at a higher price after they were listed, they pocketed the difference and became instant millionaires.

Image result for the permodalan nasional

It was Mahathir’s brother-in-law – the straight, honest and capable Ismail Ali – who was the architect behind the setting up of Permodalan Nasional Bhd or PNB to hold in trust for bumiputera stakes in major companies. PNB now has funds of some RM280 billion and has been enormously successful in this respect.

But Mahathir, with advice from Daim Zainuddin who became his Finance Minister, still cultivated selected bumiputera leaders, many of them Daim’s cronies, and gave them plum deals. A slew of them who were terribly over-leveraged got into trouble during the 1997-1998 financial crisis.

The government, often through Khazanah Nasional Bhd, had to rescue some of the biggest ones, resulting in Khazanah holding key stakes in many companies such as Axiata, CIMB, PLUS and so on. Recently, the government has been talking about, not surprisingly, selling these stakes to investors, accusing Khazanah of not developing bumiputera entrepreneurship, which was not anywhere in its original aims.

It becomes more obvious what Mahathir is talking about. Redistribution of wealth now will come out of the selling of government (Khazanah) and PNB stakes to individual Malay entrepreneurs to equalise wealth distribution among the races. To make it more palatable, some willing Indian entrepreneurs, too, may be found.

The modus operandi will be to sell the stakes when prices are depressed and perhaps even to offer a bulk discount to these so-called entrepreneurs who, of course, will not only be among the elite, but who are cronies. That will ensure a steady flow of funds into Bersatu in future from donations to help make it the premier party in the Pakatan Harapan coalition.

Image result for the malaysian jomo and gomez

Mahathir knows full well that equal wealth distribution is impossible – it’s never been done anywhere before and makes wealth acquisition disproportionate to intelligent effort and hard work, a sure recipe for inefficiency, corruption and patronage. As eloquently argued by prominent political economy professor Terence Gomez, patronage is king in new Malaysia – if it was cash during Najib’s time.

Mahathir does not have the wherewithal to lead anymore, if he ever had it in the first place. Eight months after GE14, he is still bereft of a plan to increase incomes and improve livelihoods. He needs to recognise he does not have one and that he stays in power because of the strength of the other parties in the coalition.

Wrong direction

The only way to close the wealth gap is to increase future incomes across all races. Anything else is the expropriation of other people’s wealth. In the meantime, the holding of wealth in trust by state agencies is perfectly acceptable because the income comes back to the government.

This can be wisely used to improve the quality of education, get better quality investments, raise productivity and hence labour wages, and provide equal opportunities for growth and innovation among all communities. As so many people have said before me, you can equalise opportunities, but not outcomes.

So far, 61 years of UMNO-BN have not managed to equalise opportunities for all as the government education system is in shambles, among others. And eight months of Harapan is heading in the wrong direction under Mahathir.

Despite Bersatu being a party expressly formed to fight for Malay rights, Mahathir’s party had the lowest support from Malays of parties looking after Malay rights, including Umno, PAS, PKR and Amanah.

He is still stuck in a mode to widen his rather narrow and vulnerable power base (his Bersatu won only 13 seats of 52 contested, the worst win rate of any party in the coalition) unethically by attracting tarnished MPs from Umno into the Bersatu fold, in the process willing to break agreements with other coalition partners and doing/advocating things which are against the principles of a properly functioning democracy.

He has also said he will not honour some manifesto promises, saying that these were made when Harapan did not expect to win the elections – a rather lame excuse. He has not even made solid moves to undo repressive laws introduced by his predecessor Najib Abdul Razak.

Mahathir, obviously, has no intention plan to improve the livelihood of the common Malay and all Malaysians;  he is stuck in old-school forced distribution which is injurious to the economy, maybe even fatal in the long term.

 Malaysians don’t want the creation of Malay (or any other ) billionaires from government wealth.

Old wine in a new bottle is still sour. E-mail:

The views expressed here are those of the author/contributor and do not necessarily represent the views of Malaysiakini.



10 thoughts on “FOCUS On POVERTY alleviation, not income creation for billionaires–Mahathir’s outdated policy prescriptions

  1. Peter Drucker:
    1. “Unless a commitment is made, there are only promises and hopes.. but no plans.”
    2.”Plans are only good intentions unless they immediately degenerate into hard work.”

    Obviously my quotes from the Management guru, Drucker, will be lost on Octo’s Cabinet of Deformities. Yeah Din, Octo is unable to shift gears and i’m afraid we’ll be stuck in the Gostan gear – which is pretty easy to do, since the freshie ministers still aren’t able to adapt to actual Governing and Policy making after spending a lifetime in the Opposition and being skeptics-critics without pause. None of them are able to climb the extremely steep experiential curve that is require.

    In fact, i’d wager that when Octo was yodeling about the need for the Malays to ‘change their mentality’ he was aiming at this useless bunch of jaw-drooping, drooling, barely continent, puerile ministers.

    The Cabinet might actually be noisome gatherings, but with only one outcome: What Octo ‘suggests’ becomes the Law. Why? Because he’s eaten more salt than any of those blokes have eaten rice! And the fact that what’s not said is most important. And as with all autocrats – the reasoning is linear, mechanistic, deterministic cause and effectively Newtonian.

    So while some of those blokes in PKR, DAP and Amanah may have some good, new ideas – they just don’t know enough to even articulate it, defend it and much less implement it. Paradigm shift is putting the gears in Gostan ya? At worse, we will pusing in a circle..

    First let us Define what “New Malaysia” means – cuz even ole’ Kit doesn’t seem to know.. for all his Yowling and Doodling.

    Proton. Perodua. So 3rd National car? Should it be called PutongHua? Standard Mandarin? Because, if don’t get out of our self inflicted idiocy – including trying to beat up Lil Dot 9again) – there is only the “Melayu Sesat” and Trickle Down Octonomic Agenda as dictated by Octo-Diam2 Diam..

    What Malaysians really need is: initiative, creativity, imagination, conceptual thinking, grace, curiosity, effort, irony, judgment, commitment, nuance, good will, ethical reflection, or a host of other valuable dispositions and attributes. Not mere Meritocracy or Racial-Religious Tolerance!

    Next, throw out the History books for the most part and learn Geography and STEM subjects in English at all levels..

    For the pain i get for writing this crap, we might as well listen to this:

    • CLF – I have pointed this out before and I will say it again – Mahathir is no longer Octo. He had turned Nonagenerian years ago. So, Nona he is. Hope he’s not nyanyuk.

  2. For the majority of the first caste, we must admit Malaysia is already a socialist nation that has been successfully helped two to three generations of Melayu. For another quarter, Malaysia is definitely a meritocracy nation. What does one have if one doesn’t work hard. Tun Dr has once mentioned that only the Chinese pay tax. Part of me realize as much as I hate, Malaysia would face difficulties in moving away from a race based caste system, even if majority of the people suddenly wake up to realize it is wrong to perpetuate a race based caste system. It is structurally difficult, economically speaking. Mr Gunasegaram suggested better socialist program. Many well to do city dwelling second caste wanted a libertarian low tax, diy economy, while the elite first caste would not mind continuing our existing “feudal elitism”. Genetics still count, right? Tun Dr clearly has good genes. Sound mind, and good health. More of Tun Dr. Why not?

  3. Y A B TUN is 93. The younger generation have to come up with their ideas. Let us begin with the Jusa PTD and other Senior government officers with similar rank.

    • Hahaha.. You know not of what you speak.

      PH’s Cabinet of Deformities was chosen precisely to reflect the inability to Govern effectively. Leaving One Ring to rule them all.. Til now they haven’t come up with sustainable and holistic policies that truly improve the well being of the polity and economy. Enough of the Bullshit about B40 and what not la..

      Instead they come with ridiculous, petty punitive laws and made up thought control – like 10 m. smoke free zones, early closure of night-spots, ketum ban, curfew for 18 year olds even when the age of marriageable consent remains in pedophilic etc. If we wanted another Mother, we would have voted in the Ibu Kelab..

      Were you ever a PTD JUSA? How was it? Do they really make policies or even suggestions to their ministers? How about those blokes in gred TURUS (Staff Rank)?

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