Tunku Abdul Rahman’s Vision poisoned by racism, thanks to PERKASA, ApanamaDia and Others


August 31, 2010

Tunku’s Vision poisoned by racism : Remembering Mongkut Bean’s Grand Uncle

by M Krishnamoorthy@http://www.malaysiakini.com

Tunku Abdul Rahman was born on Feb 8, 1903, in Alor Setar. He was the seventh prince of Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah, the 24th Kedah sultan. A robust and bright boy, Tunku received his early education at the Debsurin School, Bangkok and Penang Free School.

He then went on to study at St Catherine’s College in Cambridge University on a Kedah government scholarship, where he received his Bachelor of Arts in Law and History in 1925.

During his overseas studies, Tunku experienced firsthand racial discrimination at the hands of the college’s administrators, which convinced him to fight for equality and to make his homeland an independent state, free from the yoke of British colonialism.

tunku abdul rahman 290809His flair for leadership unfolded in England. Realising the Malay students there were not represented by any organisation, he established the Kesatuan Melayu Great Britain (Malay Association of Great Britain) and became its first secretary.

In 1931, after returning home Tunku joined the Kedah civil service as a cadet in the Legal Advisor’s Office, and then as a district officer in several Kedah districts. He proved himself unpopular among some British officials due to his outspokenness and tendency to introduce reforms in his quest to improve the living standards of the people.

His attempt to complete his law studies at the Inner Temple in England in 1938 came to a halt when the Second World War broke out. He resumed his studies only eight years later, coming home with legal qualifications in 1949.

On Aug 26, 1951, Tunku became UMNO president, succeeding Onn Jaafar. tunku abdul rahman and patrick keith 020805His first mission was to travel throughout the nation to meet people from all walks of life and various races to promote unity. His efforts in overcoming the country’s political problems by way of cooperation among the various ethnic groups saw the birth of the Alliance Party in 1955.

In 1956, he led a mission to London for a discussion with the British government concerning Malaya’s independence.

The meeting resulted in the signing of the Independence Treaty at Lancaster House in London on February 8, 1956 and, consequently, the independence of Malaya on August 31, 1957.

On his return from London on June 3, 1957, after finalising plans for independence with the British, Tunku in his first speech, upon landing at the Sungai Besi Airport, issued the clarion call for unity.

“The situation in this country is different from other countries in the world. Because of this, one race cannot take everything for itself. In order to set up an independent government, we must compromise and make sacrifices.”

Racial slurs

Tunku would never have thought that five decades later, things would develop to a point that national school officials would make remarks ridiculing other races. If a headmistress could make such racial slurs, what more ordinary teachers?

I know of many children who tell their parents not to raise a hue and cry over the incidents of racism they experience at school out of fear that they, the students, would be punished. There must be many cases that go unreported.

This not only goes contrary to the concept of 1Malaysia, but against the fundamental rights of human beings.  The government must call upon teachers, students and parent-teacher associations to report all cases of racist utterances and behaviour. The laws are clear and provide ample sanctions against such behaviour.

As we celebrate Merdeka today, our political landscape has worsen from what Malaya was 53 years ago when Tunku declared Independence. At that time, Malays, Chinese and Indians believed in consensus as the basis for how the nation should be ruled.

You did not hear much of non-Malays being called ‘immigrants’ and compared to dogs or prostitutes. No leader dared to threaten UMNO presidents that they would lose Malay support, as PERKASA president Ibrahim Ali has done recently.

In this era of globalisation, we must think as citizens of the world, not as creatures living under a coconut shell. There is no room for racism.

Malays powerless

In his Independence proclamation speech, Tunku said: “We fully realise that (there are) difficulties and problems that lie ahead and are confident that, with the blessing of God, these difficulties will be overcome and that today’s events, down the avenues of history, will be our inspiration and our guide.

tunku abdul rahman merdeka declaration 261004“At this solemn moment, I call upon you all to dedicate yourselves to the service of the new Malaya: to work and strive with hand and brain to create a new nation, inspired by the ideals of justice and liberty – a beacon of light in a disturbed and distracted world. High confidence has been reposed in us; let us be united and face the challenge of the years ahead.”

About a month before independence, July 10, 1957, at the Legislative Council, Tunku explained the feelings and aspirations of the three major component races.

On Malays, he said: “Before the First World War, the Malays accepted the intrusion of hundreds of thousands of men and women of other races because they realised that they were powerless to prevent it. But in those days, few people were brave enough to interest themselves in politics and our complicated treaties with Britain had given the ‘protector’ absolute right to do as they liked in this country.

“The Malays had the assurance that the British government would protect their interests and that they would be given time to learn the art of administration and time to develop a business sense, and so they believed in the British.”

Not an easy journey

Reflecting on the early Chinese settlers, Tunku said: “They have been in this country for many hundreds of years. In the early days, they came here to trade and later to like this country and decided to settle down, and they were absorbed by the country and followed local customs and spoke the Malay language, which at the same time retaining some of their own culture and traditions. Later, after the First World War, a large number of Chinese came into the federation to further its development.”

On the Indians, he told the Legislative Council: “The Indians also came to the federation to seek wealth in the country and they found employment in government services or in estates. They, too, have made their contribution for which we are all grateful. Men and women of many other races have also come to Malaya, though in smaller numbers, and I should like to make particular mention of the part played by the British people. They have admittedly devoted their lives to the advancement and development of our country. Whatever may have been their fault, they have made Malaya a prosperous and happy place today.”

The road to nationhood has not been an easy journey. Malayans then, and Malaysians now, have endured the trials and tribulations with confidence and patience, calmness and forbearance, with faith in our final goal of establishing a united Malaysia.

Tunku knew that there would be challenges for the co-existence of the various races. A visionary, he said in his proclamation speech: “Let no one think we have reached the end of the road: Independence is indeed a milestone, but it is only the threshold to high endeavour – the creation of a new and sovereign state.”

Fifty-three years after, Malaysians strive to reach, with great difficulty, yet another milestone.

Part 1: Tunku – the true believer of 1Malaysia

M KRISHNAMOORTHY is a freelance journalist and local coordinator for CNN, BBC and several other foreign television networks. He was formerly with The Star and New Straits Times and has authored four books.

25 thoughts on “Tunku Abdul Rahman’s Vision poisoned by racism, thanks to PERKASA, ApanamaDia and Others

  1. “Refusing to be contented with the status quo, and out of sheer determination, our forefathers took Malaysia from one success to another.Today, it is our turn to lead Malaysia to greater heights of progress and prosperity. The question is, are we courageous enough to break away from tradition and achieve the extraordinary?” said Prime Minister Najib.

    I can’t find fault with the Prime Minister’s statement. Let me wish him all the best. May he achieve the extraordinary and have courage to chart a new path for Malaysia. PM Najib must take on PERKASA and other Malay supremacists, and tell ApanamaDia to leave him and his Cabinet colleagues alone so that they can get on with the job of transforming Malaysia via the New Economic Model. Men of a bygone era must stand back and only offer wise counsel when called upon to do so.

    Najib’s predecessors had lofty ideals too, but they succumbed to power and egoism and abandoned their missions. Bersih, Cakap dan Amanah led to corruption, abuses of power and cronyism while Cemerlang, Gemilang dan Terbilang led to mediocrity, more corruption and mismanagement of the economy and became Temberang. In the end, ApanamaDia became a cynic, a bitter one at that, while Badawi earned the name, Kaki Temberang.

    Mr. Prime Minister, please seize the moment and press forward with your fresh ideas and programmes that can usher in a new era of harmony, peace and prosperity with justice to all Malaysians. Go back to first principles and never let political expediency prevent you from doing what is right and doing it right.

    Happy Merdeka for the liberated Malaysian Mind.–Din Merican

  2. Time will tell what the real intentions of PERKASA are, so I feel it is a little unfair to blame them for racism in our country.

    One man had more than two decades of almost total power. Time enough to take the country to great heights. Instead he oversaw the almost total destruction of so many of our crucial institutions and in the process brought his party to the sorry state it finds itself in. It does not take much to see who to blame for our woes…

  3. This is what Jonson Chong. former PKR Communications Director, wrote in the Malaysian Insider:

    “If we are posed with the question, what is it about Malaysia that you really want to change, what would the most probable answer be? Here are some of them, in an approximately correct sequence:

    1. The government.

    2. The unjust/repressive/archaic laws (abolish, not change them).

    3. The education/health/public transport system.

    4. The housing/immigration/economic policy.

    5. My noisy neighbours and/or their dog.”

    Do you agree, Mr. Bean et.al?

  4. Comparing dogs to ‘noisy neighbors’ is highly discriminatory. Discriminatory of man’s best friend.

    But since it is an oblique reference to racism, I would put that at the top of the list. Having said that it is about change that can only begin by changing ourselves. You cannot legislate away racism. You can with racial discrimination.

  5. Tunku is such an iconic figure and his place in history so unique that even bigots today want to claim him as their own. Though the man now belongs to the ages, if he could hear what is being uttered today he would be turning in his grave in as many times as attempts are being made to own him. The truth is a leader like Tunku belongs to no one but to the country that he grew up in, fortunate enough to have served and served it well.

  6. Yes….Mr.Merican….agreed that “can’t find fault with the Prime Minister’s statement”….but @ present that is what it is so far…a Statement…and it will be a Herculean Task to translate into Concrete Measurable Action… given the pervasive resistance/corruption in his Present Government… and noting, that will have the most 2 1/2 years for the transformation… afraid it will just be a Cosmetic Make-over for the 13th. General Elections…..Nevertheless….we wish him the best……better to Try and Fail….rather than maintain the status quo…… The Leader of Malaysia is the Prime Minister Post …. and one will either Dignified or Disgraced the Position…….we know how the previous last two “Tun” PMs rated ….. let’s see whether Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak will Dignified or Disgraced the Post of Malaysia’s Prime Minister when History is finally written on his Legacy as PM !!!

    Hidup Malaysia !!!

  7. Alfatihah to our founding fathers.
    We wont be what we are today, if not for them.

    Mr Bean

    Oh you are cousins with Tunku’s grandkids – Sharifah Intan, Lara and Hanizah. Their mum is Tengku Khatijah, Tengku’s daughter whose hubby was a diplomat.
    Wow, illustrious lineage indeed.
    According to my old folks, Tengku is very laid back, relaxed man with princely disposition.
    He commanded respect from all.
    His biak pi and takpa, takpa, were very endearing.
    Sometime in the 70s I got to kiss his hands and received a peck on the cheek.
    Tunku it seems is a religious man yet he did not wear religion on his sleves. He had a good time enjoying whisky and dancing the night away. Ronggeng and joget to Cinta Sayang song.
    He also had time for an afternoon siesta of a short nap at work.
    That’s why he’s the happiest PM in the world, like he said.
    But we are now living in trying times, when living is not so easy.
    So our leaders cannot be like Tunku.
    Now we have to be hypocrites because we have guardians of religion which frowned on drnking and dancing.
    So that explains why some have concealed bars at home or go overseas to have a good time.
    It started with Tun M’s penerapan nilai-nilai Islam.

  8. Sayang Bangsa

    “So our leaders cannot be like Tunku”. I think they can try, and the first start is sincerity and desire to build a nation fair for all, and to serve, not be be served. Sayang Bangsa, the leaders of our country can and must change from the disaster and the sickness brought by the Gerat Bangsat of a Human Apanamadia.

    Bean, now I understand how you know these kinds. As I said before in a response you:

    Bean

    Thank you very much for enlightening us. My father was a true believer of the Tunku and insisted that we were educated in a Malay school. In those days, most of the Malayan chinese contributed towards building the elementary schools. My father and many other new citizens of Malaysia contributed readily and willingly for their new country.

    Also I remembered it was norm and chic to listen to P Ramlee and enjoy his movies. Today, that spirit of Malayans no longer exist. Outside of KL and the federal territories, No Malaysian chinese would really go all the way out to watch a Malay movie. Bangsat Apanama dia Mahathir has truly changed our country. It is now the Malays versus the Non Malays. Malaysia has changed from Malayans to Malaysaja. I grew up in a Malay village, with Malays changing from childhood friends to see us now in their eyes as infidels. It hurts to see that transformation.

  9. “It hurts to see that transformation.”

    Getaran jiwa-eh? From an ‘kafir’ to another, james:

  10. Well that song made me cry! I know exactly what James is talking about; Merdeka and/or wedding celebrations of my youth included kenduris where all of us potlucked and danced. Ma and papa would do the joget with the older folk, while we young’uns sniggered and waited for them to get tired so we could change the records. The first song was almost always Play that Funky Music. Later, a big screen would be erected on the football field and we would all gather to watch a P Ramlee film, snacks would be fried ikan bilis with kacang and a fanta. We all sat together, no divide between races, men and women, although as I got to my late teens, I had to sit next to my mother!

    That all kinda stopped around the early 80s, my dad’s Malay buddies rarely came around at Christmas to have a stengah with something spicy. Something definitely changed and we all noticed it, some of our Malay friends were not comfortable coming to our house anymore, and in time, what did we do, do on the defensive I guess, watched what we said and bought less F&B fanta at Christmas.

    This non malay lives in hope that life will revert to what it was like before. Can Najib do this for Malaysia? Not easy if you have a blown up skeleton in your closet. All his soundbites seem well received, guess its a test of time now.

    I dont live in Malaysia anymore, but that does not mean I have forsaken my country. I want it to be better than it is. Najib needs to nurture this hope that we all have to see a reduction in blatant corruption (asking for zero corruption laughable) and blatant racial discrimination.

    Najib has to start earning his salary, the right way.

  11. Sayang Bangsa
    I thought you were Bean’s secretary before. Surely you knew his lineage. That diplomat is Amb. Dato Syed Hussain Syed Abu Bakar. “But we are now living in trying times, when living is not so easy. So our leaders cannot be like Tunku.” What changed if not the people and their way of thinking. Going around KL I see signs of wealth everywhere. Even the taxis now have different classes, Luxury taxis and standard taxis. Signs of affluent society.

    The Tunku lived a simple live and enjoyed the camaraderie of all Malaysians, so why can’t we be like that instead of within our racial groups. It’s good to notice that you put the blame on Che Det for a change instead of blindly adulating him. Welcome to the real Malaysia.

  12. The question is, are we courageous enough to break away from tradition and achieve the extraordinary?” said Prime Minister Najib.

    The question is Prime Minister , Do YOU have the courage to be Extraordinary? The Malaysians ARE. That’s what you fail to recognise because by playing with the devil you have inadvertently sold your soul to him and now he has got you where it hurts most!

  13. Comparing dogs to ‘noisy neighbors’ is highly discriminatory. Discriminatory of man’s best friend. Mr Bean.

    Good one Mr Bean. As with the other reformation, yes we have to rethink all our policies. However the first that must change to allow towards a higher income nation is the Rule of law and the Independence of the Judiciary once again.The calibre of that Judiciary too.

  14. With honour and respect YM Tunku and P. Ramlee are icons arent they? They epitomise what Malaysia should be ( and what the Soul of a Malay really is ) .

    I know of a DJ that did a show and dedicated a whole hour of history on P. Ramlee and his songs and awards in New South Wales Australia.

    I hope that Malaysians will once again be Who they really are.

  15. @James and Muse

    i knew that life too. But I am sad it’s gone for you all.
    But not for my mum and her friends. They still meet up for get-togehers and had the same fun like they did before.

    Mahathir too like to enjoy (Malays fave word). If not he won’t be friends with Tengku Abdullah. Have you seen him in his younger days with sunglasses on.
    He looked like Kapoor and can flutter many a lady’s heart.

    Outside from public eye, he is enjoyable to know. Cooks fondue for you. And talks fun with you.
    At an embassy function, long time ago, he used to lament to my late dad he missed Tengku’s time of the joget and ball-room dancing.
    The embassy gave him an enjoyable time then dancing the night away.

    @semper fi
    Since Mr Bean was my boss, I never had the courage to talk personal things with him.
    He was a hard task-master. Stern in fact. Huhu.

    Pak Tuan Syed was my father’s junior in the foreign service.
    The last time I heard he had Alzheimers.
    I wonder how he is now and whether the family are still staying at 1 Bukit Kenny, Tengku’s old residence at Swettenham Road.

  16. Sayang Bangsa

    I salute you for respecting our view points…our disparity as Malaysians is because of apanama dia and celakas from MCA. I never questioned the special rights of Malays, indeed, indeed the sons of the soil must be helped as and when needed, but lest us not forget the needs of all poor Malaysians and that our citizens become united, not divided. After our Tunku, all we got from BN is to steal in the name of race, religion and nation. BN rot is in the core, and if Najib Razak can change the course towards a united country free of bigotry, I will be the first to vote for him. Otherwise to endorse BN is to endorse the evils and the wrongs of our beloved Country spawn on our country by his father and apanama dia. Show us a new Tunku, and we the non bumis will flock to the new shepherd.

  17. “Show us a new Tunku, and we the non bumis will flock to the new shepherd.” james.
    The new “Tunku” for Sayang and ilk probably means a magic mushroom with psychedelic effects. ‘Toong-Koo’, in Cantospeak literally means mushroom.

    I don’t think Malaysians should hope to reignite the ‘innocence’ of that bygone era. Just as we mustn’t expect the resurrection of our beloved Tunku and P. Ramlee. We need to move forward with in new paradigm of what ‘nationhood’ is all about. Certainly the nonBumis will object to circumcision, while the Bumis should object to re-circumcision..

  18. “Going around KL I see signs of wealth everywhere. Even the taxis now have different classes, Luxury taxis and standard taxis. Signs of affluent society.” Semper fi

    This is not wealth as the people are unhappy. Thats the difference. They are unhappy today. So they are poorer actually.

  19. World’s Richest Government

    We know the world’s richest man is Carlos Slim Helu of Mexico, followed by Bill Gates and Warren Buffet of USA .

    How about governments?

    Which countries government is the richest (having most money that is, in US$)

    If you are expecting North American and European nations, you might be disappointed.

    While the countries look rich, wealthy European nations can’t withstand a prolonged major financial crisis, just like Greece .

    The USA might have the biggest economy, but the American government is not at all rich; in fact, it can’t even take out $150bn if asked to now without resorting to borrowing.

    To date the US government has borrowed $14 trillion!

    The UK , likewise, while the country/people are rich, the government isn’t.

    The UK government’s debt stands at $9 trillion now.

    World’s Richest Government

    Richest governments after 2008-2009 financial crisis:

    1. China
    National reserves: $2,454,300,000,000

    2. Japan
    National reserves: $1,019,000,000,000

    3. Russia
    National reserves: $458,020,000,000

    4. Saudi Arabia
    National reserves: $395,467,000,000

    5. Taiwan
    National reserves: $362,380,000,000

    6. India
    National reserves: $279,422,000,000

    7. South Korea
    National reserves: $274,220,000,000

    8. Switzerland
    National reserves: $262,000,000,000

    9. Hong Kong , China
    National reserves: $256,000,000,000

    10. Brazil
    National reserves: $255,000,000,000

    Here are the rest, in million US $:

    11 Singapore / 203,436
    12 Germany / 189,100
    13 Thailand / 150,000
    14 Algeria / 149,000
    15 France / 140,848
    16 Italy / 133,104
    17 United States / 124,176
    18 Mexico / 100,096
    19 Iran / 96,560
    20 Malaysia / 96,100
    21 Poland / 85,232
    22 Libya / 79,000
    23 Denmark / 76,315
    24 Turkey / 71,859
    25 Indonesia / 69,730
    26 United Kingdom / 69,091
    27 Israel / 62,490
    28 Canada / 57,392
    29 Norway / 49,223
    30 Iraq / 48,779
    31 Argentina / 48,778
    32 Philippines / 47,650
    33 Sweden / 46,631
    34 United Arab Emirates / 45,000
    35 Hungary / 44,591
    36 Romania / 44,056
    37 Nigeria / 40,480
    38 Czech Republic / 40,151
    39 Australia / 39,454
    40 Lebanon / 38,600
    41 Netherlands / 38,372
    42 South Africa / 38,283
    43 Peru / 37,108
    44 Egypt / 35,223
    45 Venezuela / 31,925
    46 Ukraine / 28,837
    47 Spain / 28,195
    48 Colombia / 25,141
    49 Chile / 24,921
    50 Belgium / 24,130
    51 Brunei / 22,000
    52 Morocco / 21,873
    53 Vietnam / 17,500
    54 Macau / 18,730
    55 Kazakhstan / 27,549
    56 Kuwait / 19,420
    57 Angola / 19,400
    58 Austria / 18,079
    59 Serbia / 17,357
    60 Pakistan / 16,770
    61 New Zealand / 16,570
    62 Bulgaria / 16,497
    63 Ireland / 16,229
    63 Portugal / 16,254
    64 Croatia / 13,720
    65 Jordan / 12,180
    66 Finland / 11,085
    67 Bangladesh / 10,550
    68 Botswana / 10,000
    69 Tunisia / 9,709
    70 Azerbaijan / 9,316
    71 Bolivia / 8,585
    72 Trinidad and Tobago / 8,100
    73 Yemen / 7,400
    74 Uruguay / 8,104
    75 Oman / 7,004
    76 Latvia / 6,820
    77 Lithuania / 6,438
    78 Qatar / 6,368
    79 Cyprus / 6,176
    80 Belarus / 6,074
    81 Syria / 6,039
    82 Uzbekistan / 5,600
    83 Luxembourg / 5,337
    84 Guatemala / 5,496
    85 Greece / 5,207
    86 Bosnia and Herzegovina / 5,151
    87 Cuba / 4,247
    88 Costa Rica / 4,113
    89 Equatorial Guinea / 3,928
    90 Ecuador / 3,913
    91 Iceland / 3,823
    92 Paraguay / 3,731
    93 Turkmenistan / 3,644
    94 Estonia / 3,583
    95 Malta / 3,522
    96 Myanmar / 3,500
    97 Bahrain / 3,474
    98 Kenya / 3,260
    99 Ghana / 2,837
    100 El Salvador / 2,845
    101 Sri Lanka / 2,600
    102 Cambodia / 2,522
    103 Côte d’Ivoire / 2,500
    104 Tanzania / 2,441
    105 Cameroon / 2,341
    106 Macedonia / 2,243
    107 Dominican Republic / 2,223
    108 Papua New Guinea / 2,193
    109 Honduras / 2,083
    110 Armenia / 1,848
    111 Slovakia / 1,809
    112 Mauritius / 1,772
    113 Albania / 1,615
    114 Kyrgyzstan / 1,559
    115 Jamaica / 1,490
    116 Mozambique / 1,470
    117 Gabon / 1,459
    118 Senegal / 1,350
    119 Georgia / 1,300
    120 Panama / 1,260
    121 Sudan / 1,245
    122 Zimbabwe / 1,222
    123 Slovenia / 1,105
    124 Moldova / 1,102
    125 Zambia / 1,100
    126 Nicaragua / 1,496
    127 Mongolia / 1,000
    128 Chad / 997
    129 Burkina Faso / 897
    130 Lesotho / 889
    131 Ethiopia / 840
    132 Benin / 825
    133 Namibia / 750
    134 Madagascar / 745
    135 Barbados / 620
    136 Laos / 514
    137 Rwanda / 511
    138 Swaziland / 395
    139 Togo / 363
    140 Cape Verde / 344
    141 Tajikistan / 301
    142 Guyana / 292
    143 Haiti / 221
    144 Belize / 150
    145 Vanuatu / 149
    146 Malawi / 140
    147 Gambia / 120
    148 Guinea / 119
    149 Burundi / 118
    150 Seychelles / 118
    151 Samoa / 70
    152 Tonga / 55
    153 Liberia / 49
    154 Congo / 36
    155 São Tomé and Príncipe / 36
    156 Eritrea / 22
    Big national reserves doesn’t guarantee prosperity however, for instance, the yearly expenses for China ‘s government is $1.11 trillion, their government must always think of economic growth and making more money.

    China’s gov’t overspent $110bn last year, much on it towards modernizing their military, if it goes on like this their reserves can only last for 22 yrs.

    The Malaysian gov’t overspent $13bn last year, if it goes on like this their reserves can only last for 7 yrs.

    The Singaporean government overspent $3bn last year, much of it rescuing their banks from financial crisis, if it goes on like this their reserves can last 68 yrs.

    The Swiss gov’t overspent $1bn last year, if it goes on like this their reserves can last 262 yrs.
    A country normally can borrow up to 100% its GDP, a very strong industrial country or very financial stable nation can borrow up to perhaps 200% its GDP, debts over 250% GDP the country is bankrupted.

    Greece ‘s Debts Is 113.40% GDP, In Danger As It Is Not Considered A Strong Industrial Or Financial Country.

    Iceland Is 107.60%, Also In Crisis As It Is Not So Strong Industrial Or Financially.

    Singapore Debts Is 113.10%, Not In Hot Water Due To Its Global Financial Hub Status, And Also Its Financial Strength. It’s Only Dangerous For Singapore When It Reaches 200%

    Japan Debts Is 189.30%, Still Under Radar As A Powerful Industrial Nation. It Needs To Panic Only At Around 200%

    US Has The World Largest Debts, But It Is Only 62% Its GDP, It Is Not In Any Immediate Danger Of Bankruptcy.

    Zimbabwe Debts Is 282.60% GDP, It Is A Bankrupted Nation.

    Malaysia Debts Is Currently At 53.70% GDP.

    Hong Kong And Taiwan Is Doing Pretty Good With Debts At 32-37%GDP

    South Korea Is Even Better With Debts At 23.5% GDP

    China Is Very Stable With Debts At 16.90% GDP

    Russia Is Like A Big Mountain With Debts Only At 6.30% GDP

    There Are Only 5 Countries With No Debt (I.E. 0%) :

    Brunei , Liechtenstein , Palau , Nieu, And Macau Of China .

  20. Don’t forget, Malaysia gains its independence with a Constitution to follow. It includes The Social Contract which constitutes the sacrifice being made by the Malay people and other Bumiputras for Chinese, Indians and other immigrants to become citizen of Malaya (now Malaysia). Wanting for more? Can we call it selfish act by the ungrateful people or foolish thinking by the privileged.

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